There are a paltry number of black women running tech startups. And there's an incredible dearth of money flowing to the few who are.
That's according to #ProjectDiane, a new study that examines the state of black female entrepreneurship.While big tech firms have pledged to be more transparent about their diversity stats -- releasing annual reports to benchmark their progress -- that same transparency is still rare in the venture capital world.
There were many jarring findings, said Kathryn Finney, the founder of digitalundivided, which led the study. The first was that there are so few tech startups led by black women -- just 88. They make up just 4% of the estimated 2,200 women-led tech startups.
"We thought there would be more," she told CNNMoney.
The study also found that the average amount of funding for a black female founder is just $36,000. For comparison, the average failed startup raises $1.3 million -- and the study notes that those are generally founded by white men. Black female founders made up just .2% of all venture capital deals from 2012 to 2014. Only 11 of the 88 founders had raised $1 million or more in funding. Of those, nine of had previously worked for a tech company. That's problematic, said Finney, because it shows a correlation between big tech experience and startup success.
Big tech firms have found themselves in the spotlight recently for their largely male, largely white workforces. Twitter's overall workforce is just 2% black and 4% Hispanic. Apple is 8% black and 11% Hispanic -- and its board rejected a proposal earlier this year to diversify its board, calling it "unduly burdensome and not necessary."
"If black women are not getting jobs at top tech companies, that cuts off the pipeline into being a tech entrepreneur," said Finney. That's not to say black women aren't starting businesses. There are 1.5 million businesses in the U.S. owned by black women, which is up 322% since 1997. Businesses owned by black men, in comparison, grew 93% during the same time period.
Silicon Valley is known for tackling problems with its "move fast, break things" approach. So why hasn't that happened with diversity?
She isn't the only one who has noticed this. Ex-Twitter engineer Lesley Miley told CNNMoney that tech's diversity efforts have been "a failure."
Finney said she's no longer counting on big tech firms to be the catalyst for change.
Instead, she's looking at state-run initiatives to support diverse entrepreneurs.
She cites programs like Portland's Inclusive Startup Fund and Ohio's JumpStart $10 million fund as examples of how municipalities can get involved.
JumpStart, for example, invests in young tech startups founded by minority and female founders -- if they move to Ohio.
"[Change] has to come from those who have a deep interest in the development of diverse populations," Finney said.
This article was originally printed on CNN Money.